How to have math equations in your website

If you want to write math equations in your website or blog, plain text becomes immediately illegible when writing something more complex than addition and subtraction. Here, I list what solutions I found and what I am implementing in this website.


jqMath is a simple and fast JavaScript library which uses JQuery. The syntax is similar to LaTeX. It is supported by almost all up-to-date browsers. In terms of weight, it is the lightest I found. It works with only three files

  • jqmath-X.css (7 KB)
  • jqmath-etc-X.min.js (37 KB)
  • jquery-X.min.js (78 KB)

with total unzip size of 122 KB. This is the one I am using in my website. But I have to confess this is the least beautiful one.

To install jqMath go to its website and find the download link. In the downloaded zip file, there are all necessary files and a webpage sample, use that one or just copy the below lines in the <head> section of your page. Note, the version of files I used may be different to yours.

<meta charset="utf-8">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="/css/jqmath-0.4.3.css">
<script src="/js/jquery-1.4.3.min.js"></script>
<script src="/js/jqmath-etc-0.4.6.min.js" charset="utf-8"></script>

Then copy the downloaded files (only ones mentioned above) into their directories in the root of the website. For a WordPress blog, you need a plugin to write in the header or footer of pages.

My website is compiled using Hugo, in the bottom of baseof.html I added

{{ if .Params.jqmath}}
    {{ partial "jqmath.html" . }}
{{ end }}

where jqmath.html is placed in /layouts/partials which contains exactly the snippet above. In the config.toml file I defined jqMath parameter which is false by default


So whenever I write a post containing equations in Hugo, at the top section I add jqmath: true like below

title: "Title of a math post"
date: 2020-07-17T23:33:46+01:00
draft: false
jqmath: true

and I can write equations in LaTeX format like $a*X^2=b$.


KaTeX has a higher print quality than jqMath and supports major browsers. It is independent of other libraries. KaTeX is faster than MathJax (next section) and the library is relatively light (~350 KB). Their website explains installation on Node.js and browsers in details. Basically, the below lines need to be added to the <head> section of an HTML page:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="" integrity="sha384-AfEj0r4/OFrOo5t7NnNe46zW/tFgW6x/bCJG8FqQCEo3+Aro6EYUG4+cU+KJWu/X" crossorigin="anonymous">

<!-- The loading of KaTeX is deferred to speed up page rendering -->
<script defer src="" integrity="sha384-g7c+Jr9ZivxKLnZTDUhnkOnsh30B4H0rpLUpJ4jAIKs4fnJI+sEnkvrMWph2EDg4" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>

<!-- To automatically render math in text elements, include the auto-render extension: -->
<script defer src="" integrity="sha384-mll67QQFJfxn0IYznZYonOWZ644AWYC+Pt2cHqMaRhXVrursRwvLnLaebdGIlYNa" crossorigin="anonymous"

I have KaTeX setup on my website, so when jqMath doesn’t render well I use it. To have it on my Hugo website, I added file /layouts/partials/katex.html containing above codes. In the config.toml file I defined katex parameter which is false by default


and in the bottom of baseof.html I added

{{ if .Params.katex }}
    {{ partial "katex.html" . }}
{{ end }}

So I add katex:true in top of a markdown post to activate KaTex.


MathJax is the most famous and popular library to add math equations to a webpage but apparently slower than KaTeX see this live comparison. If it doesn’t have a higher print quality than KaTex, it does not have lower.

To install MathJax, you need to add the below snippet, for more details see their website

<script src=""></script>
<script id="MathJax-script" async src=""></script>

The library size is about 800 KB, therefore, heaviest in this list. That’s why I don’t use it in my website.


MathML is not a library but a capability that some browsers have, currently only Firefox and Safari more here. MathML is written in XML style like


I know this is not a great option due to lack of supports, however, if it was a commonplace feature by all browsers, it could have been my top choice.

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